The Komondor is an ancient breed of herding dog from Hungary. While its homeland has been Hungary for many centuries, it is generally thought to be a descendent of the Russian Owtcharka brought to what is now Hungary by the invading Magyars. During World War II contact between the United States and Hungary was cut off and there was virtually no importing and no breeding done in the USA. In Europe the breed was almost wiped out because of the war. Only a few dozen specimens were left afterward, and the breed was slowly re-established in Hungary, but was rare even there. During the entire period between World War II and 1960, only about 1000 Komondors had been registered in Hungary. Contact between the American Kennel Club and the Hungarian Kennel Club was re-established in 1962, and importation of Komondors resumed. The Komondor was officially recognized as a breed by the AKC in 1937.
Komondors are livestock guardians that were bred to work with out supervision from their masters, protecting the sheep flock. As a result, the Komondor is a very "no nonsense" dog that has a very calm and laid back personality. They are very loyal family pets and live to protect them, if they feel that their territory or charges are in jeopardy, they will fearlessly defend them. They are a very atheletic and agile dog that needs a lot of exercise. These dogs are very intelligent and learn new tasks quickly, but the can become obstinate when bored, so a varied training regimen is a must. A Komondor is a dog that is not suited for a novice dog owner, they need a confident skilled handler that can effectively train this breed and quash any hostile or aggressive behaviors quickly. As with all livestock guardian dogs, they make effective watchdogs AND guard dogs, but are usually wary and suspicious of strangers. Komondors need a well fenced in yard, otherwise they will try to establish and patrol a territory. They are not to be left outside for long periods of time, since they are known to be nocturnal barkers and might annoy your neighbours.
Komondors are a large dog that usually weigh between 80 to 120 pounds and usually stand 27 to 30 inches at the withers. They have a very distinctive coat that looks like mop strings or dreadlocks.
For the first 18 months, these dogs need a full grooming every 2 to 4 weeks. After that, they need a full grooming every 8 weeks. They must have a general grooming at least once a week. Owners of young Komondor puppies should consider professional help in order to develop and style their dog's corded coat. It's easy to do incorrectly, and could result in lots of knots and matting which are difficult and painful to remove. This breed is considered a low shedding breed and may be suitable for individuals suffering from dog allergies.
Komondor Life Expectancy and Health Problems
Komondors have very few health problems and are considered a fairly healthy and robust breed. Some minor concerns are Hyp Displaysia, Cataracts and Entripion (the eyelids rolling outwards). The average lifespan of this breed is 10 to 12 years.
Komondor Pros and Cons
This simplified list may help you decide if a Komondor may be a good fit for your lifestyle.
Do You Want
- an unusual looking dog?
- a dog that lives to protect and defend?
- a dog with a no-nonsense personailty?
Do You NOT Want
- a dog that is suspicious and wary with strangers?
- a dog doesn't get a long well with other animals?
- a dog that needs a confident owner?
- a dog that needs specialized grooming?
- a dog that can be aggressive if not properly socialized?
- Useful Komondor Links